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Archaeology in Malta

As soon as the man began ‘to build boats and dare to move away from the coast, it was possible to reach the Maltese islands from nearby Sicily. You can ‘imagine the first crossing of the channel when it was human’ sighted the new land for the first time. Not knowing what was its size and whether it was inhabited, the first to set foot on the island were forced to do this by curiosity ‘. It seems that what they discovered both liked the gold, as they settled on the Maltese islands around the fifth millennium BC, bringing with them ‘innovative practices of life, as community life and agriculture.The first traces of these early populations on the islands have been voted to Ghar Dalam and in other caves. Here were discovered several other which indicated the formation of these islands. In Skorba-temples these layers were identified fossils of a number of prehistoric animals. Foxes, bears, hippos and elephants. Different species of these animals have been discovered in the lower layers. The most ‘interesting relates to dwarf elephants, in which’ was given the scientific name of Elephas melitensis. Living in the caves is not never been against the mentality of the communities ‘different Mediterranean, as you can’ see in the various parts of the region to this day. With limestone so common in countries that overlook the Mediterranean, abundant natural caves eroded by water. The soft stone led these people to work this resource very important premise to build their huts, walls and even a village Skorba. These people introduced well as agriculture, taking different seeds and domesticated animals. Over time, these early farmers became more skilled in the use of local limestone (Globigerina), and began to experiment with the construction of religious buildings. The main sites of this period are the temples of Hagar Qim, Mnaidra, Tarxien and Ggantija (Gozo). These temples are considered the most ‘old who stand without support in the world, and it is not surprising that UNESCO has decided to declare these ruins heritage mondiale.hagar-qim-shelters


The archaeological remains the most enigmatic of the islands are the roadways, the so-called cart-ruts. These are grooves carved into the hard rock, always in pairs, similar in concept to the modern railway tracks. Some extend a substantial distance, but still difficult to know where they lead. It ‘also difficult to know what kind of bring loads. The grooves are V-shaped, and have almost the same depth and width. These roadways can be seen in various locations. The most interesting are: those found in S.Pawl tat-Targa; one near you Buskett Gardens, known as the intersection of Clapham (Clapham Junction); that at Dwejra in Gozo. Scholars disagree on the historical period in which these roadways can be traced, if that prehistoric, Phoenician, Punic and Roman. Can ‘help the fact that several quarries, which date back to the Roman period, have been identified in the vicinity of these ruts of the roadway.

Date back to antiquity some major archaeological sites. Among the more ‘common are small and individual tombs carved into the rock, the oldest attributable to the Phoenicians. Close to furrows above to Buskett are different tombesolchi-cut-in-rock-2-grooves cut-in-rock excavated in the rock where you could bury two people in time. These tombs are usually studied to know where they are established the first community Phoenician and their ways of life. The Phoenicians brought writing and coins in the islands. They settled in the city ‘located on the inside of the island, and built a set of walls to protect it from looting pirates. It would be established in coastal areas for their maritime activity. The Carthaginians kept the same mentality even though they built for the first time country houses. These houses had rooms for housing, as well as those engaged in agricultural activities. The islands were attacked by the rising power of Rome, and finally in 218 BC, during the Second Punic War, were conquered. This port ‘a new type of government and culture, though the latter was closely linked to that of North Africa, as had happened in previous centuries. There are at least two other important Roman sites. One and ‘that of the Roman baths, bathrooms consist of a complex of different rooms typical of the system of the Roman baths. These were built near a natural source, and then the water was channeled into the complex, which included changing rooms, rooms connected with ritual bathing, latrines and a pool. The mosaic floors of many rooms are still in a good condition.

A Burmarrad, bordering the Bay of St. Paul, you can find what remains of a villa dicampagna. This was attended by the Bronze Period and also during subsequent periods. The Romans built a country house or farm next to a work area. Local tradition says that this villa was Publius, the governor of Malta in 60 AD when St. Paul shipwrecked on the islands. It is believed that Publius had welcomed Paul and his companions here and it was also the place where Paul healed the sick father of Pubius, and also the place where the port after the governor to convert to Christianity. During the Middle Ages a small church was built on the opening of the well, which is located in this villa, which apparently and ‘the place where Paul baptize’ Publius.